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СРАВНЕНИЕ ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКОГО СТАТУСА ПАЦИЕНТОВ ДО И ПОСЛЕ КОРОНАРНОГО ШУНТИРОВАНИЯ

https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2015-4-eng-9-14

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Аннотация

Цель. Аортокоронарное шунтирование (АКШ) — это вмешательство, используемое чтобы помочь улучшить и ежегодно сохранять жизни тысяч пациентов с ишемической болезнью сердца. Измерение психологического статуса пациентов значительно способствует пониманию восприятия пациентами результатов лечения. Целью данного исследования было сравнение психологического статуса больных до операции и спустя 3 месяца после АКШ.

Материал и методы. В это кросс секционное исследование вошли, в общей сложности, 120 последовательных пациентов, которые были обследованы за несколько дней до и 3 месяцев после выполнения АКШ в больнице Ekbatan в Хамадане (Иран) в 2012г. Использовался вопросник SCL-90 для измерения психологических измерений до и после АКШ. Анализ данных проводили с использованием пакета программ SPSS версия 18. В паре т-тесты были использованы для сравнения предоперационного и послеоперационного количества баллов вопросника SCL-90.

Результаты. Значимые различия были обнаружены между значениями баллов до и после АКШ у пациентов по значениям: соматизация, навязчивость-принуждение, межличностная чувствительность, депрессия и тревожность опросника SCL-90 (р<0,001).

Заключение. Предоперационная оценка может выявить пациентов с риском клинических уровней послеоперационных психологических проблем. Можно сделать заключение, что выявление психологических симптомов во время предоперационной оценки имеет большое значение для диагностической ориентации и, при необходимости, консультирования и терапевтических вмешательств.

Об авторах

Farshid Shamsaei
Research center for behavioral disorders and substance abuse, Hamadan University of Medical sciences
Иран

Hamadan



Reza Safi Arian
Department of surgery, Hamadan University of Medical sciences
Иран
Hamadan


Fatemeh Cheraghi
Chronic Disease (home care) Research center, Hamadan University of Medical sciences
Иран

PhD, Shahid Fahmide Bulv, Postal code: 65178 Hamedan



Mohammed Ahmadpanah
Research center for behavioral disorders and substance abuse, University of Medical sciences
Иран
Hamadan


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Для цитирования:


Shamsaei F., Arian R., Cheraghi F., Ahmadpanah M. СРАВНЕНИЕ ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКОГО СТАТУСА ПАЦИЕНТОВ ДО И ПОСЛЕ КОРОНАРНОГО ШУНТИРОВАНИЯ. Российский кардиологический журнал. 2015;(4-eng):9-14. https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2015-4-eng-9-14

For citation:


Shamsaei F., Arian R., Cheraghi F., Ahmadpanah M. A COMPARISON OF PSYCHOLOGICAL STATUS OF PATIENTS PRE AND POST CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT SURGERY. Russian Journal of Cardiology. 2015;(4-eng):9-14. https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2015-4-eng-9-14

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ISSN 1560-4071 (Print)
ISSN 2618-7620 (Online)