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Клинические и морфологические признаки аномалий митрального комплекса

https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2020-1-3357

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Аннотация

Митральный клапанный комплекс является многокомпонентной структурой, анатомически и функционально скоординированной, обеспечивающей нормальную деятельность левого желудочка (ЛЖ) и в целом сердца. Врожденные нарушения строения, количества, формы компонентов митрального комплекса могут протекать малосимптомно или вызывать гемодинамические нарушения, требующие хирургического лечения. Нередко клинические признаки аномалий митрального комплекса проявляются в виде митрального стеноза, недостаточности или сочетания стеноза с недостаточностью и служат основанием для неверного диагностического заключения. Распознавание морфологических признаков аномалий при эхокардиографическом исследовании предполагает знание возможных отклонений строения структур сердца, необходимых для выбора дальнейшей тактики наблюдения и лечения. В статье приведено описание нормальной анатомии митрального клапанного комплекса и аномалий фиброзного кольца, створок, папиллярных мышц и створочных хорд митрального клапанного 

 

Об авторах

Е. Л. Трисветова
УО Белорусский государственный медицинский университет
Беларусь

Трисветова Евгения  Леонидовна  — доктор медицинских наук, профессор 2-й кафедры внутренних болезней

Минск



О. А. Юдина
УО Белорусский государственный медицинский университет
Беларусь

Юдина Ольга Анатольевна — доктор медицинских наук, доцент кафедры патологической анатомии

Минск



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Для цитирования:


Трисветова Е.Л., Юдина О.А. Клинические и морфологические признаки аномалий митрального комплекса. Российский кардиологический журнал. 2020;25(1):105-114. https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2020-1-3357

For citation:


Trysvetava Е., Yudina O. Clinical and morphological features of malformations of the mitral valve complex. Russian Journal of Cardiology. 2020;25(1):105-114. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15829/1560-4071-2020-1-3357

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ISSN 2618-7620 (Online)